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02/08/11 Backgrounder: Myelomeningocele
Backgrounder on Myelomeningocele.
10/30/06 Backgrounder: Searching For Those at Greatest Risk For SIDS
The current study appears in the November 1 Journal of the American Medical Association provides additional evidence that brainstem abnormalities may impair an infant's ability to sense high carbon dioxide and low oxygen levels.
09/06/06 Backgrounder - Pursuing the Causes of Preeclampsia
The basic research effort to implicate soluble endoglin (sEng) and soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt-1) in preeclampsia was led by a coauthor of the current paper, S. Ananth Karumanchi, M.D., a nephrologist at the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston.
07/20/05 America's Children: Family Structure and Children's Well-Being (Backgrounder)
New to the report this year is a special section presenting five indicators of child well-being analyzed by family structure. The indicators are: percentage of births that are low and very low birthweight; death rates among infants; percentage of adolescents ages 15-17 enrolled in school; percentage of adolescents ages 15-17 reported to be in excellent or very good health; and percentage of adolescent girls who became unmarried birthmothers by ages 17-19.
07/20/05 America's Children: Parents Report Estimated 2.7 Million Children with Emotional and Behavioral Problems (Backgrounder)
A special feature in the report, America's Children: Key National Indicators of Well-Being 2005 shows that nearly 5 percent, or an estimated 2.7 million children are reported by their parents to suffer from definite or severe emotional or behavioral difficulties, problems that may interfere with their family life, their ability to learn, and their formation of friendships. These difficulties may persist throughout a child's development and lead to lifelong disability, including more serious illness, more difficult to treat illness, and co-occurring mental illnesses.
04/25/01 Typhoid Fever in the United States (Backgrounder)
According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), about 400 Americans each year acquire typhoid, most of them while traveling in developing countries.
07/13/00 America's Children: Special Indicator Finds High School Volunteerism Up 10 Percent (Backgrounder)
About 55 percent of 9th through 12th graders participated in volunteer activities in 1999, a 10 percent increase from 1996.
07/13/00 America's Children: Special Indicator Shows Majority of Beginning Kindergartners Know Letters (Backgrounder)
A special indicator from the America's Children report showed that 66 percent of children entering kindergarten can recognize letters of the alphabet, and 29 percent could recognize the sounds associated with letters that begin words.
09/09/97 Backgrounder--Questions and Answers about the Adolescent Health Study
This sheet provides answers to common questions about the Adolescent Health Study and additional background about the study.
09/09/97 Response Statement--JAMA Article on Adolescent Health Study (Backgrounder)
Initial results from the largest, most comprehensive survey of adolescents to date indicate that a feeling of personal connection to home, family, and school is crucial for protecting young people from a vast array of risky behaviors.

If you are a member of the media and have questions about an NICHD news release or research, or if you would like to schedule an interview with an NICHD scientist or grantee, please contact the Public Information and Communications Branch at 301-496-5133 or by fax at 301-496-7101.

Last Updated Date: 07/30/2010
Last Reviewed Date: 07/30/2010
Vision National Institutes of Health Home BOND National Institues of Health Home Home Storz Lab: Section on Environmental Gene Regulation Home Machner Lab: Unit on Microbial Pathogenesis Home Division of Intramural Population Health Research Home Bonifacino Lab: Section on Intracellular Protein Trafficking Home Lilly Lab: Section on Gamete Development Home Lippincott-Schwartz Lab: Section on Organelle Biology