In 1997, Congress asked the NICHD Director, in consultation with the Secretary of Education, to convene a national panel to assess the effectiveness of different approaches used to teach children to read. The Panel was made up of 14 people, including leading scientists in reading research, representatives of colleges of education, teachers, educational administrators, and parents.
On April 13, 2000, the National Reading Panel concluded its work and submitted its reports (an Executive Summary and a full Reports of the Subgroups) at a hearing before the U.S. Senate Appropriations Committee's Subcommittee on Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education. A brief explanation of the Panel and its findings is also available.
The Panel’s findings are available in the publications below. You can also view a complete listing of NICHD publications related to reading and the National Reading Panel.
Report of the National Reading Panel: Teaching Children to Read (Executive Summary)
This 35-page report explains the origin of the Panel and its congressional charge. It succinctly describes the research methodology used and the findings of each of the Panel subgroups: (1) Alphabetics, (2) Fluency, (3) Comprehension, (4) Teacher Education and Reading Instruction, and (5) Computer Technology and Reading Instruction. This report also offers insightful information provided by Panel members on reading instruction topics that may require further exploration.
HTML of Executive Summary | Order The Executive Summary
Report of the National Reading Panel: Teaching Children to Read (Reports of the Subgroups)
This comprehensive report explains the methodology and scientific research used by the Panel in its effort to assess the best ways to teach children to read. The Panel's thorough research on reading instruction was conducted by five subgroups, which focused on (1) Alphabetics, (2) Fluency, (3) Comprehension, (4) Teacher Education and Reading Instruction, and (5) Computer Technology and Reading Instruction. This 480-page report contains an executive summary from each subgroup that introduces the topic area, outlines the group's methodology, and highlights the questions and results from each subgroup. In addition to the executive summary, the report provides detailed explanations of each subgroup's research methodology and the findings for each group.
PDF of the Reports of the Subgroups (3.56 MB)
Put Reading First: The Research Building Blocks for Teaching Children to Read (Teacher’s Guide)
This 58-page teacher's guide provides a framework for using the findings of the National Reading Panel in the classroom. It describes the Panel’s findings and provides analysis and discussion in five areas of reading instruction: phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, and text comprehension. Each section also suggests implications for classroom instruction with examples of how the findings can be implemented.
HTML of the Teacher’s Guide | PDF of the Teacher's Guide (61 KB)
Put Reading First: Helping Your Child Learn to Read
This 8-page brochure, designed for parents of young children, describes the kinds of early literacy activities that children need to experience at home and at school to help them learn to read successfully. The brochure’s recommendations are based on the findings of the National Reading Panel.
HTML of Parents' Brochure | PDF of Parents' Brochure (816 KB) | Order Parents' Brochure
La Lectura Es Lo Primero: Como Ayudar A Su Hijo A Aprender A Leer: Una Guia Para Padres De Familia: Del Preescolar Al Tercer Grado
Aprender a leer y a escribir en inglés es una de las destrezas más importantes que su niño va a adquirir en la escuela. No importa si usted habla inglés o español o ambos idiomas, gran parte del aprendizaje de la lectura puede llevarse a cabo en el hogar. Las actividades incluidas en este folleto fueron diseñadas para que todos los padres de familia ayuden a sus hijos en el hogar. Estas ideas prácticas son el resultado de investigaciones que indican la manera en que los padres de familia y los maestros les pueden ayudar a los niños a aprender a leer. Lo invitamos a que participe activamente en la educación de su hijo y haga estos ejercicios de lectura en el hogar.
HTML of La Lectura Es Lo Primo | PDF of La Lectura Es Lo Primo (206 KB) | Solicitar La Lecture Es Lo Primero